WELCOME TO BIG IRON DRILLING

Your source for Water Treatment and Water Well Drilling

Big Iron Drilling Ltd

LOCATION

Terminology P

1-800-Big Iron (244-4766)

"The number you can't forget"

...and your whole family will love our water too!

NOTE 1

  • Check on existing Government Grants and assistance for Water Well Drilling
  • Check on Big Iron's time payment plans.

NOTE 2

FREE WATER TEST

Give us a call and one of our local representatives will test your water for free and recommend a viable solution.

NOTE 3

FOR INFORMATION ON

Water Treatment or Water Wells, please call our toll free number at:

1-800-Big Iron (244-4766)

" The number you can't forget"

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Terminology P

Parameter

A variable, measurable property whose value is a determinant of the characteristics of a system such as water. Temperature, pressure, and density are examples of parameters.

Partial pressure

That pressure of a gas in a liquid, which is in equilibrium with the solution. In a mixture of gases, the partial pressure of any one gas is the total pressure times the fraction of the gas in the mixture (by volume or number of molecules).

Particle size

The sizes of a particle, determined by the smallest dimension, for instance a diameter. It is usually expressed in micron measurements.

Particulate loading

The mass of particulates per unit volume of water.

Parts per billion

Expressed as ppb; a unit of concentration equivalent to the µg/l.

Parts per million

Expressed as ppm; a measure of concentration. One ppm is one unit weight of solute per million unit weights of solution. In water analysis the ppm is equivalent to mg/l.

Pasteurisation

The elimination of microorganisms by heat applies for a certain period of time.

Pathogens

Disease-producing microorganisms.

Percent saturation

The amount of a substance that is dissolved in a solution compared to the amount that could be dissolved in it.

Percolating water

Water that passes through rocks or soil under the force of gravity.

Periodic chart

Arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic numbers, created by a scientist called Mendelejef.

Permeability

The ability of a medium to pass a fluid under pressure.

Persistence

Refers to the length of time a compound stays in the environment, once introduced.

pH

The value that determines if a substance is acid, neutral or basic, calculated from the number of hydrogen ions present. It is measured on a scale from 0 to 14, on which 7 means the substance is neutral. pH values below 7 indicate that a substance is acidic and pH values above 7 indicate that it is basic.

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Phase

A state of matter. This can be solid, liquid or gaseous.

Photosynthesis

The process of conversion of water and carbon dioxide to carbohydrates. It takes place in the presence of chlorophyll and is activated by sunlight. During the process oxygen is released. Only plants and a limited number of microorganisms can perform photosynthesis.

Physical and chemical treatment

Processes generally used in wastewater treatment facilities. Physical processes are for instance filtration. Chemical treatment can be coagulation, chlorination, or ozon treatment.

Physical weathering

Breaking down of rock into bits and pieces by exposure to temperature and changes and the physical action of moving ice and water, growing roots, and human activities such as farming and construction.

Phytoplankton

Free-floating, mostly microscopic aquatic plants.

Pilot tests

The testing of a cleanup technology under actual site conditions in a laboratory in order to identify potential problems before implementation.

POE-treatment

Point-Of-Entry treatment. Total water treatment at the inlet to an entire building or facility.

Pore

An opening in a membrane or medium that allows water to pass through.

Point source

A stationary location from which pollutants are discharged. It is a single identifiable source of pollution, such as a pipeline or a factory.

Polar substance

A substance that carries a positive or negative charge, for instance water.

Pollutant

A contaminant at a concentration high enough to endanger the life of organisms.

POP's

Persistent Organic Pollutants, complex compounds that are very persistent and difficultly biologically degradable.

Potable water

Water that is safe for drinking and cooking.

Potentiation

The ability of one chemical to increase the effect of another chemical.

Potentiometric surface

The surface to which water in an aquifer can rise by hydrostatic pressure.

POU-treatment

Point-Of-Use treatment. Water treatment at a limited number of outlets in a building, for less than the whole building.

Precipitate

An insoluble reaction product in an aqueous chemical reaction.

Precipitation process

The altering of dissolved compounds to insoluble or badly soluble compounds, in order to be able to remove the compounds by means of filtration.

Pressure sewers

A system of pipes in which water, wastewater, or other liquid is pumped to a higher elevation.

Pre-treatment

Processes used to reduce or eliminate wastewater pollutants from before they are discharged.

Primary wastewater treatment

The removal of suspended, floating and precipitated solids from untreated wastewater.

Process water

Water that serves in any level of the manufacturing process of certain products.

Product water

Water that has passed through a water treatment plant and is ready to be delivered to consumers.

Protons

Positively charged building blocks of an atom that are centered in the nucleus.

Protozoa

Large microorganisms, which consume bacteria.

Public water system

A system that provides piped water for human consumption to at least 15 service connections or regularly serves 25 individuals.

Putrefaction

Biological decomposition of organic matter; associated with anaerobic conditions.

Pyrogen

Substance that is produces by bacteria and it fairly stable. It causes fever in mammals.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Big Iron Drilling Ltd
4450 Eleniak Road NW
Edmonton, AB T6B 2S1
TEL:(780) 433-2555 | TOLL FREE: 1-800-BIG-IRON (24 Hours) | FAX:(780) 431-1091

HOURS

Monday – Friday 8:00am – 5:00pm

Saturday – Closed

Sunday – Closed

Statutory Holidays - Closed

We have a 24 hour "live person" answering service.