WELCOME TO BIG IRON DRILLING

Your source for Water Treatment and Water Well Drilling

Big Iron Drilling Ltd

LOCATION

Terminology B

1-800-Big Iron (244-4766)

"The number you can't forget"

...and your whole family will love our water too!

NOTE 1

  • Check on existing Government Grants and assistance for Water Well Drilling
  • Check on Big Iron's time payment plans.

NOTE 2

FREE WATER TEST

Give us a call and one of our local representatives will test your water for free and recommend a viable solution.

NOTE 3

FOR INFORMATION ON

Water Treatment or Water Wells, please call our toll free number at:

1-800-Big Iron (244-4766)

" The number you can't forget"

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Terminology B

Backflow

The flow of water in a medium in a direction opposite to normal flow. Flow is often returned into the system by backflow, if the wastewater in a purification system is severely contaminated.

Back Pressure

Pressure that can cause water to backflow into the water supply when a user’s waste water system is at a higher pressure than the public system.

Back siphonage

Reverse seepage of water in a distribution system.

Backwashing

Reversing the flow of water back through the filter media to remove entrapped solids.

Bacteria

Microscopically small single-cell organisms, that reproduce by fission of spores.

Bacterial water contamination

The introduction of unwanted bacteria into a water body.

Base

An alkaline substance that has a pH that exceeds 7.5.

Bed Load

Sediment particles resting on or near the channel bottom that are pushed or rolled along by the flow of water.

Benthic zone

The lower region of a body of water including the bottom.

Bicarbonates

Salts containing the anion HCO3-. When acid is added, this ion breaks into H2O and CO2, and acts as a buffer.

Binder

Chemicals that hold short fibres together in a cartridge filter.

Bioaccumulantion

The increase in concentration of a substance in living organisms, as they take in contaminated air, water, or food, due to slow metabolization and excretion.

Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)

The amount of oxygen (measured in mg/L) that is required for the decomposition of organic matter by single-cell organisms, under test conditions. It is used to measure the amount of organic pollution in wastewater.

Biocide

A chemical that is toxic to microrganisms. Biocides are often used to eliminate bacteria and other single-cell organisms from water.

Biodegradable pollutants

Pollutants that are capable of decomposing under natural conditions.

Biofilm

Population of various microrganisms, trapped in a layer of slime and excretion products, attached to a surface.

Biological contaminants

Living organisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and mammal and bird antigens that can cause harmful health effects to humans.

Biologically activated carbon

Activated carbon that supports active microbial growth, in order to aid in the degradation of organics that have been absorbed on its surface and in its pores.

Biological oxidation

Decomposition of complex organic materials by microrganisms through oxidation.

Biomonitoring

The use of living organisms to test the suitability of effluents for discharge into receiving waters and to test the quality of such waters downstream from the discharge.

Bioremediation

The biological treatment of wastewater and sludge, by inducing the breakdown of organics and hydrocarbons to carbon dioxide and water.

Biota

All living organisms in a region or ecosystem.

Biotransformation

Conversion of a substance into other compounds by organisms; including biodegradation.

Blackwater

Water that contains waste of humans, animals or food.

Blind spots

Any place on a filter medium where fluids cannot flow through.

Blinding

A build-up of particles in a filter medium, that prevents fluids from flowing through.

BOD5

The amount of dissolved oxygen consumed in five days by bacteria that perform biological degradation of organic matter.

Boiling point

The temperature at which the vapour pressure of a liquid equals the pressure of its surface. The liquid will than vaporize If the pressure of the liquid varies, the actual boiling point varies. For water the boiling point is 100 degrees Celsius.

Bottled water

Water that is sold in plastic containers for drinking water and/ or domestic use.

Brackish water

Water that is neither falls in the category of salt water, nor in the category of fresh water. It holds the middle between either one of the categories.

Breakpoint chlorination

Addition of chlorine to water until there is enough chlorine present for disinfection of water.

Breakthrough

Crack or break in a filter bed that allows the passage of floc or particulate matter through a filter.

Brine

Highly salty and heavily mineralised water, containing heavy metal and organic contaminants.

Buffer

A substance that reacts with hydrogen or hydroxyl ions in a solution, in order to prevent a change in pH.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Big Iron Drilling Ltd
4450 Eleniak Road NW
Edmonton, AB T6B 2S1
TEL:(780) 433-2555 | TOLL FREE: 1-800-BIG-IRON (24 Hours) | FAX:(780) 431-1091

HOURS

Monday – Friday 8:00am – 5:00pm

Saturday – Closed

Sunday – Closed

Statutory Holidays - Closed

We have a 24 hour "live person" answering service.