WELCOME TO BIG IRON DRILLING

Your source for Water Treatment and Water Well Drilling

Big Iron Drilling Ltd

LOCATION

Terminology A

1-800-Big Iron (244-4766)

"The number you can't forget"

...and your whole family will love our water too!

NOTE 1

  • Check on existing Government Grants and assistance for Water Well Drilling
  • Check on Big Iron's time payment plans.

NOTE 2

FREE WATER TEST

Give us a call and one of our local representatives will test your water for free and recommend a viable solution.

NOTE 3

FOR INFORMATION ON

Water Treatment or Water Wells, please call our toll free number at:

1-800-Big Iron (244-4766)

" The number you can't forget"

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Terminology A

Absolute

The micron rating of a filter. It indicates that any particle larger than a specific size will be trapped within the filter.

Absorption

When a solid takes up molecules into its structure.

Acid aerosol

Very small liquid or solid particles that are acidic and are small enough to become airborne.

Acidic water

Acid neutralizing capacity
Measure of the buffering capacity of water; the ability of water to resist changes in pH.

Acid rain

Rain that has a flamboyantly low pH, due to contact with atmospheric pollutants such as sulphuric oxides.

Acidity

The quantitative capacity of water to neutralize a base, expressed in ppm or mg/L calcium carbonate equivalent. The number of hydrogen atoms that are present determines this. It is usually measured by titration with a standard solution of sodium hydroxide.

Activated coal

This is the most commonly used adsorption medium, produced by heating carbonaceous substances or cellulose bases in the absence of air. It has a very porous structure and is commonly used to remove organic matter and dissolved gases from water. Its appearance is similar to coal or peat. Available in granular, powder or block form; in powder form it has the highest adsorption capacity.

Activated sludge

Oxygen dependent biological process that serves to convert soluble organic matter to solid biomass, that is removable by gravity or filtration.

Active groups

Really fixed ions bolted on to the matrix of an ion exchanger. Each active group must always have a counter-ion of opposite charge near itself.

Adsorption

Separation of liquids, gases, colloids or suspended matter from a medium by adherence to the surface or pores of a solid.

Advanced oxidation process

One of several combination oxidation processes. Advanced chemical oxidation processes use (chemical) oxidants to reduce COD/BOD levels, and to remove both organic and oxidisable inorganic components. The processes can completely oxidise organic materials to carbon dioxide and water, although it is often not necessary to operate the processes to this level of treatment.

A wide variety of advanced oxidation processes are available:

– Chemical oxidation process using hydrogen peroxide, ozone, combined ozone & peroxide, hypochlorite, Fenton’s reagent, etc.

– Ultra-violet (UV) enhanced oxidation such as UV/ ozone, UV/ hydrogen, UV/air

– Wet air oxidation and catalytic wet air oxidation (where air is used as the oxidant)

Advanced water treatment

The level of water treatment that requires an 85-percent reduction in pollutant concentration, also known as tertiary treatment.

Advanced Wastewater Treatment

Any treatment of sewage water that includes the removal of nutrients such as phosphorus and nitrogen and a high percentage of suspended solids.

Aerated lagoon

A water treatment pond that speeds up biological decomposition of organic waste by stimulating the growth and activity of bacteria, which are responsible for the degradation.

Aeration

Technique that is used with water treatment that demands oxygen supply, commonly known as aerobic biological water purification. Either water is brought into contact with water droplets by spraying or air is brought into contact with water by means of aeration facilities. Air is pressed through a body of water by bubbling and the water is supplied with oxygen.

Aeration tank

A tank that is used to inject air into water.

Aerobic

A process that takes place in the presence of oxygen, such as the digestion of organic matter by bacteria in an oxidation pond.

Aerosol

Very small liquid or solid particles dispersed in air.

Affinity

The keenness with which an ion exchanger takes up and holds on to a counter-ion. Affinities are very much affected by the concentration of the electrolyte surrounding the ion exchanger.

Agglomeration

A process of bringing smaller particles together to form a larger mass.

Aggressive water

Water that is soft and acidic and can corrode plumbing, pipes and appliances.

Algae

Single- or multi-celled organisms that are commonly found in surface water, such as duckweed. They produce their own food through photosynthesis. The algae population is divided up into green algae and blue algae, of which the blue algae are very damageable to human health. Excessive algae growth may cause the water to have undesirable odours or tastes. Decay of algae diminishes oxygen supplies in the water.

Algal blooms

Periods of enlarged algal growths that affect water quality. Algal blooms indicate potentially hazardous changes in the chemistry of water.

Aliquot

A measured portion of a sample taken for analysis. One or more aliquots make up a sample.

Alkalinity

Alkalinity means the buffering capacity of water; the capacity of the water to neutralize itself. It prevents the water pH levels from becoming too basic or acid. It also adds carbon to water. Alkalinity stabilizes water at pH levels around 7. However, when the acidity is high in water the alkalinity decreases, which can cause harmful conditions for aquatic life.

In water chemistry alkalinity is expressed in ppm or mg/L of equivalent calcium carbonate. Total alkalinity of water is the sum of all three sorts of alkalinity; carbonate, bicarbonate and hydroxide alkalinity.

Alluvium

Sediments deposited by erosion processes, usually by streams.

Anaerobic

A process that takes place in the absence of oxygen, such as the digestion of organic matter by bacteria in a UASB-reactor.

Anion

A negatively charged ion that results from the dissociation of salts, acids or alkali’s in solution.

Anion Exchange

An ion exchanges process in which anions in solution are exchanged for other anions from an ion exchange. In demineralization, for example, bicarbonate, chloride and sulfate anions are removed from solution in exchange for a chemically equivalent number of hydroxide anions from the anion exchange resin.

Anode

A site in electrolysis where metal goes into solution as a cation leaving behind an equivalent of electrons to be transferred to an opposite electrode, called a cathode.

Aquatic

Growing in water, living in water, or frequenting water.

Aqueous

Something made up of water.

Aqueous solubility

The maximum concentration of a chemical that dissolves in a given amount of water.

Aquifer

A layer in the soil that is capable of transporting a significant volume of groundwater.

Aromatics

A type of hydrocarbon that contains a ring structure, such as benzene and toluene. They can be found for instance in gasoline.

Assimilation

The ability of water to purify itself of pollutants.

Assimilative Capacity

The capacity of natural water to receive wastewaters or toxic materials without negative effects and without damage to aquatic life or humans who consume the water.

Atom

The smallest unit of matter that is unique to a particular element. They are the ultimate building blocks for all matter.

Atomic number

A specific number that differs for each element, equal to the number of protons in the nucleus of each of its atoms.

Attenuation

The process of reduction of a compound’s concentration over time. This can be through absorption, adsorption, degradation, dilution or transformation.

Attrition

The action of one particle rubbing against the other in a filter media or ion exchange bed that can in time cause breakdown of the particles.

Available chlorine

A measure of the amount of chlorine available in chlorinated lime, hypochlorite compounds, and other materials.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Big Iron Drilling Ltd
4450 Eleniak Road NW
Edmonton, AB T6B 2S1
TEL:(780) 433-2555 | TOLL FREE: 1-800-BIG-IRON (24 Hours) | FAX:(780) 431-1091

HOURS

Monday – Friday 8:00am – 5:00pm

Saturday – Closed

Sunday – Closed

Statutory Holidays - Closed

We have a 24 hour "live person" answering service.